Part II – How Is Linen Made?

Linen-making is a tough and time-consuming task. In order to extract the linen fibres, the flax plants are cut down or pulled out of the ground using a hand. This pulling process generally makes finer linen. Once the seeds are extracted in the winnowing or ripping operation, the process further follows in removing the plant stock from the fibres. This segregation of fibre gives the manufacturer the most extended pieces which can go up to 8 inches long in length. 

As the final step, the fibre is eventually spun into yarn to be woven into the fabric of your dress. Carrying forward to ‘Part I – How Is Linen Made?’ we are here with the next part comprising the remaining key steps of the linen-making process. On the journey to find how is Linen fabric made, Let us check out the 5th elaborated step in the lane i.e., breaking up of stalks. 

  1. Breaking

Right after the fibre separation, the decomposed stalks are dispersed to remove the useless outer fibres of flax stalks and keep only the usable inner fibres ahead. Under this proceeding, the flax stalks undergo rollers which smash them completely and pull out the outer fibres from the stalks using rotating paddles.

  1. Combing

Combing fibres is the next step in the linen production process. Now that the inner fibres are taken off and sorted out from the other fibres, they are immaculately combed into fine strands. As soon as the fibres have been groomed well, they move further for the spinning division.

  1. Spinning

In order to spin flax fibres, the previously shortened combed fibres go through spreaders that bring out strings, known as rovings. These strings are finally put together for a spin. The spinning process of flax yarn usually employs a foot-powered flax wheel. However, in the present time, the industry is opting for automatic devices and machinery for the same. 

  1. Reeling

Reeling is the second last step of linen making process. Following being spun in the spinning frame, the arising yarn is reeled onto a bobbin. In order to make certain that the flax yarn won’t crumble, flax producers perform an essential reeling technique in a wet or humid environment. Then to ultimately set the seal on yarn cohesion, the spun yarn is run through a hot water shower.

  1. Drying

In the end, when all was said and done, the finished yarn is dried and flax manufacturers reel it onto bobbins. Finally, the linen yarn goes for dye treatment and other beautifying techniques to make garments, bedcovers, homewares, and other types of textile stuff for you. 

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